"A man who dares to waste one hour of time has not discovered the value of life."
- Charles Darwin
HSC biology tutoring at SIGI Learners is based on the current HSC biology syllabus, which contains 4 core modules:
Life continues through the processes of reproduction and heredity. Students expand their knowledge of evolution by understanding the cellular processes involved in increasing genetic diversity. They investigate reproduction and inheritance patterns in both plants and animals as well as the role of DNA in polypeptide synthesis and the uses of technologies in the study of inheritance patterns. Students also learn about contemporary research and the work of geneticists across a variety of industries, including medical applications and agriculture. They explore the effects on society and the environment through the application of genetic research.
Students learn about natural and human-induced causes and effects of genetic change, including mutations, environmental pressure and uses of biotechnology. Students investigate how the processes of inheritance and evolution are applied. The work of scientists in various fields of work, including agriculture, industry and medicine, can be explored within the context of biotechnology. The impact of biotechnology on biological diversity is also explored in this module.
This module examines the treatment, prevention and control of infectious disease both locally and globally. It includes study of the human immune system and its response to an infectious disease. The value of studying infectious disease and its causes and effects is highlighted by the cost to humans in terms of losses in productivity and production and the impact on overall health. The module also considers medical and agricultural applications that draw on the work of a variety of scientists.
Non-infectious Disease and Disorders
Students engage with the study of non-infectious disease and disorders, including their causes and effects on human health. They explore technologies and their uses in treating disease and disorders as well as the epidemiology of non-infectious disease in populations. This module examines the practical applications of STEM. It looks at the importance of understanding the multidisciplinary nature of science applications. It also examines physiology and engineered solutions to problems related to the management of human disorders.
HOW TO APPROACH
- The development of theories of evolution
- The development of understanding of genetics and inheritance
- The history of diseases, their evolution and how technology has evolved to combat them
Modern biology has moved away from being merely understood – it goes hand in hand with application. Increased understanding of biological concepts has resulted in new practical techniques and technologies that have evolved with knowledge and that play a key role in current research areas such as medical sciences.
It is imperative that students gain a basic understanding of the complex processes that are the heart of scientific research, such as genetic engineering, antibiotic resistance, disease management, artificial organs (eg. artificial blood, renal dialysis, cochlear implants) and many more.
The HSC course encourages students to understand the principles behind the scientific method in gathering and analyzing data in a scientific manner in order to draw valid conclusions and provide plausible explanations for both new and pre-existing phenomena.
It is quite clear that the applications of modern biology have huge implications for improving society, not only in the medical sciences, but also in economic and industrial applications such as agriculture. With these come numerous ethical issues that must be considered to prevent misuse of new technologies.
How to Study
Revise – Since there is a lot more to memorize to this course than other science subjects, it’s a good idea to revise constantly. Make sure you are able to keep up with your work and don’t fall behind – once you fall behind, it is extremely difficult to catch back up
Understand – Biology study is made a lot easier by understanding process rather than trying to rote learn it. If you understand what the implications of each step of the process is, it isn’t too hard to work out what the next steps should be. This cuts down the amount of material you have to memorise
Organise – Remember that your notes should not be a brain vomit of everything that you possibly know on the topic (like a textbook). Your notes should be a brief but detailed summary of all the important points. If you are a student at SIGI Learners, your theory booklets make a great set of notes – they’re structured and concise, yet detailed
Detail – Biology has a strong emphasis on key words and trends to be very specific. Little details like definitions, names of people, techniques, categories of things, etc. are all things that markers look out for. Make sure you know your buzz words and when and where to use them
Exam Technique – It is a good idea to practice the art of answering exam-style questions. Particular areas that are worth practicing are answering ‘Explain’ questions, which as well being very common 3 mark questions, also form the basis of extended response questions, another thing worth practicing